Management refers to both an art and a science of attaining goals via people. Management involves supervising i.e. looking over what other people do and ensuring that they do what they should be doing. In a deeper sense, management can also refer to the process of creating and keeping an environment in which people work and achieve the stipulated goals. So basically, managers need to be very agile in their tactics of handling people with the changing business world. (Gomez, 26)
Generally, management requires skills that will help the managers to move to the heights that they expect. There are four major aspects of management that the managers need to handle with care. These four aspects include the conceptual aspect of management, the technical, the human and the designing aspect of management.
1. Technical Aspect
Referring to the technical aspect of management, this involves the know-how and the proficiencies that are in these activities and the methods that the managers use. This technical aspect requires the managers to incorporate specific tools and techniques that will help him or her through the management corridors. In the modern business world, the technicality of the managers is very important. Who can trust you with business if you can not depict technical qualities in you? However, with this technological world, things are bound to change in the future. In most cases, for managers to employ their technical skills, they need to have some quality experience and vividly show that he or she is a good manager. This may not happen in the future in that people are moving very fast and there is a probability that they can start working in such positions and will not necessarily need the technical know-how. Even currently, there are those managers who basically do the supervisory work without attending the normal in acquisition of the technical knowledge. People are looking for money and going to schools and even going to other posts for experiences may delay good managerial skills. This is because there are innate abilities to do, think and act especially after knowing what you want in business. Will it be a must to acquire the technical know how for all those years and yet you can be very proficient?
2. Human Aspect
On the other hand, the human aspect of management involves the ability of the manager to work with the people. The ability of the people to incorporate teamwork i.e. the ability to create an environment that will make people feel that they are allowed to express their opinions and views concerning the environment. This ability enhances an environment that makes everybody in the business feel part and parcel of whatever is taking place in the business. The supervisory job that the managers do will go high-tech in that there will be virtual supervision. The managers will not necessarily need to physically present themselves to make sure that things are going on well. For instance, technology today has it that we can have teleconferences, meaning that with the manager physically present or not, they can still have their meetings as usual. The management abilities of the human resource will also have a boost from the education sector and the hard economic times. The world population is growing very fast and the number of educated people is also growing, meaning that there are more people who can do the same kinds of jobs as before. This therefore will create competition for jobs and people who will not be ready to work will really find it tough. It means that there will be reduced jobs for the managers i.e. their supervisory role will be a little bit reduced. (Kleiman, 34)
3. Conceptual Aspect
The conceptual aspect of management refers to the being in a position to work in recognizing the different elements that may exist between management and the relationships between these elements. This is the theoretical aspect of management. However it extends to the practical in that the theories have to be applied. This aspect will remain the same as it is. The process of recognizing these elements, the on and offs will still be there. However, with technology there is a likelihood of more ease coming.
4. Design Aspect
Finally, there is the design aspect of management. This aspect helps managers to solve problems as soon as they arise. This majorly eyes the business i.e. the decisions that are always made are in favor of the business. Good managers should be in a position to see problems even before they come. This means that they need to be very observant. These managers need also to be good designers in that they should be able to carry out practical solutions to problems. Managers will not need to be perfect in designing. Still people will be employed. A person can be a good manager and yet he or she is not a good designer or the vice versa can still happen. Therefore there is a likelihood of the future allowing managers to differ from the designers so that the roles can be coordinated and sober minds are involved.
The future of business is determined by many factors. The people’s population will have a great impact on the unemployment rate, the number of skilled and unskilled, and the kind of innovations that may come among other factors. So looking at the future aspects of business, we should look at them along these lines.
Gomez M. Management: People, Performance, Change, 3rd edition. McGraw-Hill: New York USA: 2008.
Kleiman, S. “Management and Executive Development.” Reference for Business: Encyclopedia of Business , 2010